What are the clauses of ISO 14001:2015 and how to implement them
ISO 14001:2015 is an international standard that specifies the requirements for an environmental management system (EMS). An EMS is a set of policies, procedures, and practices that help an organization to reduce its environmental impacts and improve its environmental performance. ISO 14001:2015 is based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle, which is a continuous improvement process that involves planning, implementing, monitoring, and reviewing the EMS.
ISO 14001:2015 has 10 clauses that cover the following topics:
Scope: This clause defines the scope and boundaries of the EMS, as well as the intended outcomes of the standard.
Normative references: This clause does not contain any normative references, but it is included to maintain consistency with other ISO standards.
Terms and definitions: This clause provides explanations of the terms and definitions used in the standard, which are divided into four categories: planning, leadership and organization, support and operation, and evaluation and improvement of performance.
Context of the organization: This clause requires the organization to determine its internal and external issues, as well as the needs and expectations of its interested parties, that are relevant to its environmental aspects. It also requires the organization to define the scope and boundaries of its EMS.
Leadership: This clause requires the top management of the organization to demonstrate leadership and commitment to the EMS, by establishing an environmental policy, assigning roles and responsibilities, ensuring integration of the EMS into business processes, and supporting communication and consultation.
Planning: This clause requires the organization to identify and assess its environmental aspects and impacts, as well as its risks and opportunities for improvement. It also requires the organization to establish environmental objectives and plans to achieve them.
Support: This clause covers the requirements for providing resources, competence, awareness, communication, and documented information for the EMS. The organization needs to ensure that its employees at all levels are informed about the environmental policy and their roles in the EMS.
Operation: This clause covers the requirements for controlling and managing the operational activities that have significant environmental impacts. It also covers the requirements for emergency preparedness and response.
Performance evaluation: This clause covers the requirements for monitoring, measuring, analyzing, and evaluating the performance of the EMS. It also covers the requirements for internal audits and management reviews.
Improvement: This clause covers the requirements for identifying and correcting nonconformities, taking corrective actions, and continually improving the EMS.
To implement ISO 14001:2015, an organization needs to follow these steps:
Conduct a gap analysis to identify the current status of its EMS and the areas that need improvement.
Develop an implementation plan that defines the scope, objectives, responsibilities, resources, timeline, and methods for achieving compliance with ISO 14001:2015.
Establish or update its environmental policy, objectives, procedures, and records in accordance with ISO 14001:2015.
Train and communicate with its employees and other interested parties about the EMS requirements and expectations.
Implement and operate its EMS according to its plan and procedures.
Monitor and measure its EMS performance using appropriate indicators and tools.
Audit its EMS internally to verify its effectiveness and compliance with ISO 14001:2015.
Review its EMS performance periodically by top management to evaluate its suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness.
Identify and implement opportunities for improvement based on audit findings, management review results, feedback from interested parties, changes in context, etc.
By implementing ISO 14001:2015, an organization can benefit from:
Reducing its environmental impacts and costs.
Improving its environmental performance and reputation.
Enhancing its stakeholder satisfaction and trust.
Fulfilling its legal obligations and other requirements. aa16f39245